Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar) within 24 hours. When plaque and calculus are not removed through regular dental cleanings, they begin to destroy the gums and bone.
Periodontal disease is the number one reason for tooth loss. Research also supports the possible link between periodontal disease and other systemic diseases such as stroke, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Smoking also puts you at an increased risk for periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
- Bleeding gums when you brush or floss.
- Loose teeth.
- New spacing between teeth caused by bone loss.
- Persistent bad breath caused by bacteria in the mouth.
- Pus around the teeth and gums.
- Loss of gums around teeth.
- Red, puffy, swollen gums.
- Tenderness or discomfort.
- can also increase your risk of periodontal disease.
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. If the disease is caught in the early stages, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended followed by regular dental cleanings every 3-4 months.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be recommended.
Daily home cleaning that includes brushing twice daily and flossing daily is imparative in helping control plaque and tartar formation. Once your periodontal treatment has been completed, it is recommended that you have regular maintenance cleanings (periodontal cleanings), usually four times a year. At these cleaning appointments, the pocket depths will be carefully checked to ensure that they are healthy.